Hitch or towbar (TAS), and external to its simplicity, it is technically fairly complex device. They are engaged in designing the best engineering minds, and to develop new coupling models are spent a lot of money. The main objective of TAS developers, to create a model of couplings, which at minimum weight and compact size would have the high capacity and reliability. Today the world market additional equipment there are several companies that are considered leaders in the manufacture of couplings. Among them are German and Dutch Westfalia Brink. In the Russian market the most widely used turnbuckles Bosal (production co-produced by Bosal-Autoflex) and Baltex. Leading manufacturers quickly respond to changes in the automotive market and within a few days after the official start date of the new car sales represent a new model of the tow bar to it. Today, the greatest demand among owners of foreign cars are towed unit with a quick hook.
Products of the leading manufacturers of towing devices have warranty period of 25 years or more (some companies even declare a lifetime warranty). That's why high-quality imported turnbuckles are not cheap. However, the price – it's a relative term. BOSAL large turnbuckles European manufacturer of towbars and automotive exhaust, the company Bosal, well known to Russian consumers. Not the least role in this play JV "Bose-Avtofleks", created in Russia in 2006. Turnbuckles this company marketed under the brand VFM, and traction devices manufactured in Europe are sold in Russia under the brand name Bosal.
Turnbuckles this manufacturer have the highest rates on the strength of Russian producers of TAS. Performance Bosal towbars almost twice the requirements of Russian standards for trailer coupling devices. In addition, Bosal tow hooks are unmatched corrosion protection. Bosal tow bars do not rust even if the damaged outer layer of protective coating. They do not require additional waterproofing. The range of towbars includes more than 50 models for Russian-made cars and over 140 models – for foreign cars.
Before you try, you need to know the circumstances of high consumption gramotno measure consumption of gasoline, and only then try this to reduce consumption. If the car breaks down, then almost exactly, will spend a much greater amount of fuel. If you know that fuel starts to increase, then check serviceability and cleanliness of ducts and gasoline filters. How well your motor running, mozhno determine the value of replacing the CD. If you want to learn the correct consumption of gasoline required to fill the tank completely, set the speedometer to 0, to pass, about 5 km and return to the top frame. Again, only this time measuring flask, pour a full tank again. Amount of gasoline that you fill the tank at this time and will be the consumption of gasoline.
The increase in fuel consumption can influence and other reasons, and not just a faulty car. This furnace and air conditioner, they use fuel, as usual, more. Completely overloaded cars, too, makes it so that gas mileage increases. Periodical increase in the speed and braking and frequent idling in traffic jams could increase wasting gasoline to 130 percent. In order to directly observe and if necessary, get rid of the growth in fuel consumption, monitor the quality of the wheels do not upset a similarity collapse, whether the tire pressure. Watch for how the car behaves at idle, do not upset the dynamics of a car.
Look reel machines, which of course will tell about the state of running your car. If you want to reduce fuel consumption, which would see car was running fine, does not load it with unnecessary things, try to avoid traffic jams, consider your actions, so that as little as possible to stop. When driving do not pull your car frequent dispersal. Preheat the car must be up to the place as soon as the temperature needle is moved up, but has not reached a critical point.
GLONASS global navigation satellite system, developed for the Ministry of Defence. The system will be 24 satellites, moving above the Earth in three orbital planes with inclination of the orbital planes of 64.8 degrees and a height of 19 100 km. The measuring principle is similar to the U.S. navigation system NAVSTAR GPS, is often referred to as GPS. Using GPS allows in any location (including the polar region), almost any weather, as well as in outer space near the object to determine the location and speed of objects. The system is designed, implemented and operated by the Department of Defense USA. Russian advocates of GPS claim that the American system allows for better monitoring. Supporters of the GLONASS not without reason, indicate that at present domestic system is growing rapidly with the strong support State (since the total dependence on the American GPS jeopardizing the safety of Russia), while the GPS functionality in the near future may be in question.
This is acknowledged and American counterparts. So in 2009 by the General Accounting Administration, USA (GAO) released a report on the future of GPS, which expressed concern that the orbital may be unable to provide proper maintenance quality in the period from 2010 to 2018. Brad Parkinson, the first director of the program of GPS, the chief architect and defender of GPS, said that there is a possibility that the group is less than 24 satellites, which negatively affect the quality of monitoring. In addition, American experts stress that the development of the replacement generation of satellites, called IIF, unduly delayed (the contract was signed in 1996, but conditioned the satellite to So far there) and went far over budget.