Browsed by
Tag: history

Old Greece

Old Greece

With this, the Greeks had even though reached great developments, arriving to cunhar metal currencies. The slaves, debtors or prisoners of wars, had been used as man power. PayNet shines more light on the discussion. This sample that still existed divisions of social classrooms. As in &#039 says Moses to them Finley; ' it (Old Greece) moved of a society in which the social category followed throughout a continuous series for another one in which social categories if grouped in two extremities, the slave and livre' '. Due to land necessity new for the practical one of agriculture, the Greeks had initiated a process of expansion of its territories.

In way to this expansion, some wars had occurred. How much to the form politics, a system based on the democracy searched. This new socioeconmico scene and politician finished influencing in the education. As for example, in Esparta, the education was come back to-somente toward the physical formation of the individuals, in order to form warriors who could contribute with an eventual war. Parallel to this, the knowledge if expanded in such a way that the myths already did not give account to explain everything. It was from this moment that if gave beginning to a classroom of thinkers in Greece, later calls of sofistas, that questioned myths and the form of government adopted by the Greeks. The ideas of this new group of intellectuals can be perceived, for example, in the education of Atenas, where if it gave emphasis to the formation intellectual of the individual.

Influenced for the sofistas, the first philosophers, Scrates, Iscrates, Plato and Aristotle had appeared. Each one of these contributed of expressive form for the education. ' ' Influenced for the experience politics of the democracy, these scholars tried to transmit a new type of wisdom, where the pupil would have the capacity to persuade and to manipulate massas' ' (GILES, Thomas Ransom, 1987). The used educative process is the no-conformismo, that it aims at to search the constant transformation of the social reality which the individuals were inserted. So that this was carried through, the young dedicated it practical as it dances (physical exercise and music), reading, writing, and literature. Ahead of what it was presented, we see that the communities Greeks had developed important theories for the education, which we use until today: formal education for the poor classrooms, the care with the body, formation of critical citizens, studies directed to the proper one education, the pedagogia, among others contributions. CONCLUSION By means of the texts displayed throughout this work, we can infer that the old civilizations, in you work special them here, had contributed sufficiently for the current model of education. The tribal societies show them importance to it of a universal knowledge, the eastern societies take in them, despite indirectly, to the first debates on the objectives of the education, and finally the societies Greeks who in them become conscientious and active beings. We perceive despite to the measure that if modified the socioeconmico picture and politician of each one of these societies, also got excited the adopted model of education, that is, each new model of education, throughout the history of the old civilizations, appeared in function of the deriving necessities of the deficiencies of the State. Under this perspective we can affirm that politics, economy, social reality and education are sources that are closely on.

Chernobyl

Chernobyl

Repurchase echoed entire counties and provinces. For three centuries, vodka, and with it a tavern, are firmly rooted in Russia. "Around 1552 all Muscovy, in the whole Russian land was only one tavern, standing at the Baltschug. At the end of the xvii century in each city was one yard. In the xix century taverns spread through the villages and countryside. In 1852, public houses – 77,838 in 1859 – 87 388 and, finally, after 1863 their number increased by about six times, passed over half a million. " So gradually we have upgraded at the gene level. By the beginning of xx century in Russia formed a dangerous style of drinking, when alcohol is consumed almost exclusively by a strong drinks, one-time shock doses (gulp).

The prevailing style of consumption of vodka in one gulp and did even infrequent consumption is very dangerous. Gorbachev in 1985-1987. tried hard to reduce the restrictive measures production and consumption of alcohol in the country. On the one hand, were initially obtained very positive results. Alcohol consumption decreased to 11.5 liters per person per year. For the first time in many years mortality was decline and life expectancy – to grow. By 1987, life expectancy for men increased by 3.2 years.

At the same time revealed a horrifying picture of an almost biological need for a large part of the nation in Alcohol: all over the country people are literally dushilis in huge queues had become a deficit of vodka, sugar, yeast. Blossomed moonshine. Enormous budget deficit, caused an ecological catastrophe on the Chernobyl, the earthquake in Armenia, the shortfall was supplemented by the traditional "drunk" the money deposited in the hands of newly-minted alcohol mafia. These and other circumstances have forced the then leaders of the country in 1988 Collapse alcohol reform. Liberal economic reforms launched Gaydar in 1992, led to the fact that Russia is literally reached "bottom" in the consumption of alcohol. In 1994-1995. alcohol consumption in the country reached the highest for history of the country level – 15-18 liters per person per year. During these years, marked by an unusually high mortality in Russia. Extinct large number of individuals abusing alcohol, including those whose lives have been saved anti-alcohol campaign 80; ies. However, as in the past four centuries, the legal drug alcohol these days continues to be a means of replenishment. In many developed countries, but not in Russia, fiscal policy is given a certain truth, that no proceeds from the sale of alcohol does not cover the total damage caused by its consumption and the health of the nation's economy.

Economy Politics

Economy Politics

The analysis in Economy Politics if supports in the microeconomic and macroeconomic study. Others including JPMorgan Chase, offer their opinions as well. The Micron economy studies the economy to the level of the individual behavior of the economic agents and the companies. Elaborated theoretician is about a study more and that he searches as the consumers if they hold, as it maximizes the satisfaction of its necessities, as they balance its wage with the prices of the products and services, particular investments, that raised benefits more than they reach. One is about an analysis to the theoretical level in the base of hypotheses of rationality and behaviors putting in evidence the mechanisms that contribute to explain the fenmenos desired to the national and international scale. Macroeconomics aims at the study of the functioning of the economy of a country, looking at the fenmeno of the international exchanges. It includes global 0 variable econmicas: production, consumption, investments, saving, inflation and unemployment.

It analyzes the relation between these aggregates whom the observed national economy in its characterizes all and its incidence in the economic performance. To prevent divagaes the macroeconomics analyzes aggregate of significant categories as PNB, the GIP, etc. the analysis if it establishes in established economic models in the use of statisticians. In economy Politics one becomes equally important the analysis of the Inflation and Deflation. Deflation represents a fall of the level of generality of the prices of products and services, it are associated with a retention of the global market and to an expansion of it offers aggregate.

The retraco of the global market normally results of one deflacionria state politics (surplus) of increase of taxes and simultaneous reduction of the expenditure public. Although this, the result of the deflacionria politics is the increase of the unemployment. The expansion of offers aggregate associates it one state politics of the side of offers of reduction of the taxes and simultaneous reduction of the public charges.

Alencar Obstacles

Alencar Obstacles

We know today, that it was exactly the imprevisibilidade of the new century that took the young Sergio to risk the first blows against the old repertoire of the critical one. nor is difficult to imagine, two years before the Week of 22, as they had reverberated in the intellectual context of the time some of the judgments that it costumava to enxertar to its first literary studies, reticent before the aesthetic conception of our epic poetry, unsatisfied with the artificioso indianismo of Alencar and Gonalves Days and unresolved matter with ' ' intellectual limitation of our men of letras' ' , the point to make ' ' piada' ' of the poetical vocation of Gonalves de Magalhes, that judged so obscure how much the gongrico lode of Pita Rock. However, if he does not seem allowed to this height to inquire of the coherence of the subjects that open the trajectory of that somebody as it displays Antonio Arnoni the Prado, who badly launched itself to the adventure of the spirit, what if he can say is that at this first moment its interests are come back toward the relations between the process of intellectual emancipation of the country and the mechanisms of emancipation politics of the continent, which it associates searchs of ours identity as only form capable to win the obstacles each time bigger of the influences of is. Educate yourself with thoughts from Wells Fargo Bank. These points well will be defined when to analyze the readings that Sergio Buarque carried through to promote critical a so conspicuous one. It is standed out despite, if it does not have properly a project in this reader interested in the occult signals of our intellectual autonomy, is undeniable that already it demonstrated the lucidity with that would distinguish more, in Roots of Brazil, for example, the differences in the colonizadora attitude of Spaniard and Portuguese, with the disadvantage for us, of that in the land of the culture bigger obstacles they separate in them. .

National Space Administration

National Space Administration

In 2004 the Chinese government announced the implementation of its not-manned lunar project, that consists of three phases: the trip until the satellite and a orbital flight around the Moon, the moon landing properly said and the return of the sounding lead bringing samples of the ground, with the three carried through phases being between 2007 and 2017. Fulfilling to the scratch its cronograma, in 2007 China placed its first sounding lead in the Moon. One second sounding lead, of the same series, will have to reach the Moon between 2010 and 2012 (CNSA, 2010). China still announced the launching of a first element for a space station between 2010 and 2011. Such orbital complex, baptism of Tiangong-1 (Celestial Palace), will be used by the Chinese space travellers for the accomplishment of research in microgravity and comments of the Land. The Chinese press announced that the first part of the space station will have 8,5 tons of weight and will be able to carry through operations of long stated period without the necessity of no type of assistance. A first module of the station had been tested in 2010 middle (ESTADO, 2010).

China also evidences its pretensions to send men to the Moon for 2020 return, beyond of missions not-manned Mars between 2014 and 2033, followed for a descending of Chinese in the planet between 2040 and 2060. Simultaneously the country intends to carry through the deep and not-manned exploration of the Solar System (CNSA, 2010). ORGANIZATION the National Space Administration of China (CNSA in the acronym in English) is the Chinese, responsible space agency for the launchings and the space program of the country (CNSA, 2010).

Great Lagoon

Great Lagoon

The City of Great Lagoon was district of the city of Saint Maria of the Boa Vista for the municipal law n 410, of 30-08-1963. In territorial division of 1968, the district of Great Lagoon consists in the city of Saint Maria of the Boa Vista and remained up to 1991. It was raised to the category of city with the denomination of Great Lagoon, for the state law n 11215, of 16-06-1995, desmembrado of Saint Maria of the Boa Vista, consisting of 2 districts: Lagoon Grande and Juta, installed in 01-01-1997, remaining in such a way in Great dated territorial division of 2005.Lagoa was emancipated in day 16 of June of 1995, for if to develop with a great economic potential that if detaches for the irrigation of the River San Francisco and if it presents as a great producer of Grape, its main source of income. The people born in great Lagoon are called lagoon-grandenses. Northeastern is located in the hinterland.

Industrial Reality

Industrial Reality

The book of Edward Palmer Thompson (1924-1993) intitled ' ' Customs in common. Studies On the Popular Culture Tradicional' ' (Company of the Letters, So Paulo, 2005) it is enters the main workmanships of this English historian whose production finds a rich dialogue enters the marxist vision of history and the boardings that look the cultural value in the practical one of the historical agents. A conciliation had for many as impossible and that one reveals fully carried through in this book. In the introduction, Thompson argues that with the advent of the Capitalism it had one accented cultural split between classrooms. ' ' folclore' ' it enters in scene as the had culture as inferior of the plebeian classroom in the vision of world of the patrician classroom. Thus, front to this prejudiced picture, Thompson consider the idea of ' ' costume' ' as practical alive adopted for the peasants front to the reality who had found with the advent of the Capitalism in century XVIII. The custom is presented as practical old and constantly rethink therefore they are part of the reality, are customs the enclosure for bullfighting in which the peasants act in the daily one. As the customs were formed amongst those peasants in a reality daily pay-capitalist, such customs if had shocked with the new values of the disciplined work of the environment manufacter which many of those peasants who migraram of the field for the city in job search had found.

These different mentalities, agricultural and urban, had led to a pensvel conflict in level of classrooms. Culture and customs are malleable to the dialogues Inter-classrooms and intra-classrooms leading to a permanent balance and remodelamento of the formation of habitus. The plebeian culture by itself operates its ethics and its action of constant and changeable form inside of the proper classroom. The tradition that defended those plebeians by means of its customs took the revolt movements a time that those values pautados in the customs were disrespected in the new industrial reality.