The basis of the alphabet German put the Latin alphabet, to which are added the letters a, o, u and ss. The last letter was abolished orthographic reform of 1998 in so many words. Letter Gothic was used until the end of the twentieth century. In the formation and development of the German language has played the role of conquest by Germanic tribes of Baltic and Slavic lands in the X-XII centuries. In the dialects in eastern Germany, there are many names that have their origin in Slavic languages, endings are-itz,-au,-ow,-in, and others. Also in this area of the country there are people who wear Slavic names. Get all the facts for a more clear viewpoint with Ruth Porat.
But the vocabulary of the German language includes not a lot of borrowing from Slavic languages. There were periods in history when the opposite is true borrowing: from the German language in the Slavic languages. In German, there are 15 short and long phonemes – monophthong, three descending diphthongs – vowels and 23 phonemes are consonants. Sounds p, tk (blank stops) to pronounce with aspiration before stressed vowels in the word, but after the shock of the vowel. Uvukulyarnaya articulation R – dominant, forelingual r exists in elocution standard German in speaking the same language is not used in southern Germany, as well as typical for the German language, which is used in Austria. The sound of z occurs in the German words that were borrowed from French. In German accent is a dynamic (moving), it is anchored in the first syllable, which is still called the root syllable.