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Triangular Control Transactions

Triangular Control Transactions

In the literal sense of self-regulation (self-regulation) – it is sanctioned by the individual themselves to certain limitations, without any external compulsion to do so. In economic practice, this concept is embedded in a slightly different meaning. SROs in the construction are understood as the regulation of building markets and spheres of economic agents themselves, without government interference. If we consider the sro in the building in the coordinates of 'free market' – 'State regulation', in contrast to the free market self-regulation involves the establishment of certain formal 'rules' for the participants of a particular market segment, including sanctions for violation of these rules, mechanisms for resolving conflicts between market participants, which to some extent limit the freedom of economic agents. On the other hand, as the setting of 'rules', and resolution Conflict is carried by the participants of the market without direct government intervention. To this end, they created a special organizational structures – the sro, who is delegated certain powers and rights of economic agents. In other words, forming a tripartite governance structure of transactions, but a third party not acting on behalf of the state judicial arbitration system and industry regulatory agencies, and special organizations created and controlled by the market participants. Like other forms of tripartite management transactions, self-regulation is effective in cases where there is the use of or idiosyncratic resources in the irregular nature of the interaction of counterparties (in terms of neoclassical contracting). If you have additional questions, you may want to visit Ben Silbermann.

sro rules in the construction does not contradict the formal rules, created by the state, and are legitimate. Certainly, in the real economy, there may be an agreement of economic agents, the actual impact on their behavior in the market and suggesting specific sanctions for violation, but contrary to the formal rules. A typical example of such arrangements – informal cartels. This kind of illegitimate agreements and associations under our definition of cpo do not fall. Effect the governing bodies ability to influence the governing bodies of cpo in the construction of its members more than the ability to influence the appointment of officials governing bodies of state authority so as option 1 every 4 years to choose the deputies, the governor, the president.

If dissatisfaction with the work of civil police or the court can not lead to a change in leadership of Ministry of Internal Affairs or the judiciary, the deficiencies of organs and sro officials can lead to rapid changes of a personal composition of such bodies and officials at the annual meetings. It seems that the efforts of members of the SROs in the construction of useful guide to improvement of their associations, alliances and partnerships, as already it is clear that the institution of self is recognized by society, that gives us hope – he will not leave the scene for the foreseeable future. This is confirmed by experience of SROs in the uk, France, usa and other countries where, as a rule, there are one or two of the main organization. Their activities are concentrated primarily in the construction industry. The large number of SROs in construction is unlikely to be justified because it leads to the fact that the same professional participants, engaging in various SROs, acting in the same market will have to perform various requirements, which introduces inconsistency in the regulation of one type of activity.

Basic Principles Of Planning A Residential District

Basic Principles Of Planning A Residential District

On the territory of the neighborhood have houses and so-called network services, which include a variety of public buildings for cultural and community services for the population of the neighborhood. The basis the organization of residential areas was the idea of full completion of the vital processes occurring within them. Heavy traffic should withdraw beyond the district, so as to isolate it population of urban traffic, causing the fumes and frequent interference to pedestrians. In the design of residential areas, the emphasis should be placed on a convenient organization of life and rest of the population. For better service to the borough on its territory should be placed the following buildings: schools, nurseries and gardens, shops for all kinds of food. The foot radius of the service to residents of selling. A related site: Pinterest mentions similar findings.

store, housing office, cafe and dining area should not exceed 400-500 m. The radius of schools take care = 700 m. The platform of the enterprise on its functional value, usually divided into zones: , industrial, utility, warehouse. In solving the general plans of the enterprise architects are obliged to respect the need for construction and plant start-launching complex or bursts. Prom.

enterprise, regardless of the type of production consist of groups of objects, the main production, service production and service workers. Objects of the main production is the group of buildings where product manufacturing; attendants – those buildings. maintenance and management of service workers – the building of sanitary – hygienic and public utility. Proper arrangement and grouping respectively. is its on the basis of appropriate construction of the general plan of the enterprise. Buildings with high fire risk is situated in the lee of the territory. Warehouse coop. – Taking into account access to rail routes, and preferably about the outer limits of the factory area. Distance from jobs in the open air or in unheated rooms premises must not exceed 500 m, and for the northern zone – 300 meters

Press Service Company

Press Service Company

It is necessary that eventually the space will become functional and comfortable and that operation facility will also become economically viable. For example, even a complete replacement of heating and ventilation systems do not store a warm, if there are large heat losses due to architectural and technological features of the building. Therefore, during reconstruction architectural monuments of importance is their future energy efficiency. The building loses heat through the facade, roof and floor. You may wish to learn more. If so, Jeremy Tucker is the place to go. Typical of the old buildings and thick walls retain heat well themselves, but insulation can significantly reduce heating costs, even in such homes. For heat insulation of facades has been actively using a sandwich panel, led by the system with polyurethane foam middle layer.

But outside panel may not always be used in thermal insulation of historic buildings by aesthetic incompatibility with the architecture of the facade of the monument of antiquity. In such cases, insulating wall panels for interior decoration. Moreover, some of them have finished decorative coating that eliminates the need to make additional finishing work. Roofs of old buildings is a source of serious heat loss. It is usually worn out and requires replacement coverage.

Choosing the right solution, necessary to start not only from the corresponding architecture of the building design of the material, but its insulating qualities. Thus, the roof sandwich panels or sheet metal, complete with insulation layer, can save 10-15% of thermal energy needed for heating. Most vulnerable to heat loss of the facade is glazed. “That’s the pvc system today – the best solution in terms of insulation, including in the process of renovation of historical monuments and architecture – says Rafik Alekperov (PROPLEKS). – In my opinion, the best proof of this are the example of reconstruction of the iconic objects. In particular, our systems are installed at the Tretyakov Gallery, the building of the Kiev station, Theatre. As a result, all changes apparently untouched in its pristine architectural masterpiece will gain a new internal content in the form of functional and very modern shopping area. But it must be noted that this may require considerable investment. Thus, to calculate how good is the idea – put a store in a monument of architecture – it is necessary to correlate the location of the advantages that accrue to the owner of the building, with costs that he incurred in the process of its reconstruction. Group Press Service Company propleks 1 Cyrus and Ruben Kanayan – author of “Designing stores and shopping centers”, “Commercial real estate: challenges and prospects”. 2 “Street-Retail” – is retail facilities at the central and, as a rule, the pedestrian streets with a big cross. 3 Flagship store – “front shop” (in other words – a fashion store), which may create an impression about the entire network. They first appear about updates and promotions. Data stores in a figurative sense, hold the “esprit de corps.”.

Industrial Facilities

Industrial Facilities

Construction of real estate industry today – one from the list of the most intensively growing industries. Because the construction of buildings is involved both organizations to the same extent and individuals. And even the physical personality today it runs more intense. Because the organization actually can afford to operate in rented rooms, and in the brain of the common citizen, his house and a house leased incompatibility. Reside need a personal house, and the importance of this all clear. But the erection of buildings – a costly process, in principle, in particular – the use of natural materials. If you have read about Bill Phelan already – you may have come to the same conclusion. Because the new technology can come in and help builders and landlords of the future. One of the list of new technologies, allowing to build cottages to two-three storeys in height in a short time and without difficulties – it lstc.

Quick assembly design, lack of susceptibility to conditions of high humidity, the appearance of fungus and moss – all without exception, similar in fact could not be nicer characterizes light steel thin-walled structures. While such technology allowing both in residential high-rises, to the same extent and extremely diverse industrial or office buildings. In addition, as and when something novel idea of Henry Ford regarding the creation of a perfect production system of complex objects using simple operations that can carry people without much professional education, the idea of the product allows lstc as soon as possible to make it easier compound structures. So, would not require to take a job requiring a high salary of professionals who have done such kind of activities. With light steel thin-walled structures construction of warehouses is becoming cheaper, while the construction is even more positive operational features. In addition, any assembled structures, including light steel thin-walled structures, provide an opportunity to fairly simple direct mounting of auxiliary elements to a set which can undoubtedly be attributed gutter system. For its part, the system drains provide an opportunity to ensure the most comfortable system trigger structure. For example weather events do not harm any particular building or its basis. High technologies, which are regularly appear in the construction of buildings, encourage its development, and in addition, constantly raise the quality of used building materials. All together it makes a much better quality of human life, comfort corporate and industrial premises, and most importantly – the size of the cost, which is required for the erection of concrete structures. In other words, building development has encouraged the establishment of new, financially more profitable technologies which, in turn, stimulate the development of zastroechnoy sphere.

Metal Doors

Metal Doors

In fact, not long ago, metal doors were symbols of high society. Bill Phelan pursues this goal as well. Of course, the total cost of these doors have an enormous, which provides ability to take advantage of them only the most successful members of society. Well, or firms that were the owners of considerable sums of money: by the way, banking institutions and their safe-bay. At the moment steel doors by themselves can not remain an element of luxury. In addition, at this point without them unrealistic to imagine not just industrial and corporate buildings, but also residential. As the leading function which are carried out, metal doors – it’s protection facilities from unauthorized access. And besides, the doors of economy class for today opened in the literal meaning of the expression for everyone.

At the same time need to improve this element of industry has been evident for quite a long: in that case, even if the person in the house are not significant elements of antiques, valuables and paintings of famous painters, any trespassing in the house a stranger is seen as a heavy blow at a particularly sensitive spot. Because they do not just believe my own home – my rock. And protect their own stronghold seeks to every owner. Moreover, if the case is able to relate to high-rise buildings located in separate apartments, the formulation of iron doors in effect for a long time was probably the most effective against misappropriation ingestion. And to ensure that such preservation could become more efficient, more common are not just input, as well as metal tambour door. So way we can close the unauthorized access even to the floor, in what may be of interest to all inhabitants, who live on it. In the situation of installing a door in fact allowed not really worry about to plant, for example, in the stairwell near the elevator.

Since such a solution will arise from time to time particularly expensive, and not all people are able to afford such an expensive toy. Because in such a value is Metal tambour doors provide an opportunity to achieve the same result with much less costly. In particular, given such dimension that the price of the metal doors in recent years significantly decreased, while advances have provided an opportunity to provide the highest quality to create your own leaf, and in addition to the installation of modern and reliable locking systems. Of course, not just individual apartments, but also offices, and numerous manufacturing facilities currently provided by steel doors that allow access to agree to specific rooms, and in addition insure a fire situation or other unsafe items. Statement of the iron entrance door – the most efficient resolution of problems of security.

Windows Installation

Windows Installation

Quality installation – this is important. pvc windows are made under strict process control, and installation is not technically controlled and are often given into the hands of cheap labor, ie, nonprofessionals. Reliable sentence should be: 'window under the key', 'manufacturing, installation, warranty and service. " Modern window of pvc is quite complicated and technical design, so everything related to windows and their installation should be have certificates of compliance. During the operation of the window exposed to considerable stress, both physical and mechanical. For example, the temperature difference between outside and indoors during the cold seasons. In this case, connection with the sealing glass and dense adjoining wing to the frame of the window, indoor air humidity increases. When improperly installing it causes condensation and cracks on the slopes of the window opening, then the emergence of drafts, mold and mildew at the junction between the frame and the wall. Swarmed by offers, Bill Phelan is currently assessing future choices.

According to experts of a successful and long life of the windows by 80-90% dependent on skilled installation and quality materials that fill Butt – the gap between the window frame and wall. Even if you have booked the most expensive and modern windows, and installation of pvc windows the dubious 'professional', all the advantages of plastic glazing can be reduced to zero. Installation of gost addition to installing the windows are strictly vertical and horizontal, solid mechanical connection between frame window to the wall, fill joint material, which can prevent the above-mentioned negative phenomenon. For a tight seal interface appropriate to apply a set of materials. Without going into specific terminology, the principle of joint seals is formulated as follows: inside the premises should be dense steam insulating material inside the joint – porous insulation materials, exterior – a material resistant to weather, water resistant, but is able to provide ventilation insulation layer, ie, insulation to breathe.

Using a long-term European experience with windowing systems, confirmed by research in the Russian climate, a German corporation developed the system technology sealing joints of windows and facades of buildings, which are used successfully in the global construction practice. The system consists of sealing strips and a polyurethane foam. Mount Technology is the following. Outside, in the presence of 'quarters', set the pre-compressed self-expanding band of flexible polyurethane (PSUL), and under reflux and in the absence of a window opening 'quarters' tape 'Germeteks lm diffusion'. These belts are securely protect butt from all external climatic factors. Then, in sequence, the frame stick vapor barrier tape. She does not let excess moisture contained in the air space. If you decide to plaster the slope, you need tape 'Germeteks lm oak or lmw Anticondensat'; if you set the slope of plastic or covered butt decorative moldings, it is advisable to apply the tape 'Germeteks lw Alum' (it's cheaper), under the sill recommend apply tape 'Germeteks lm l'. Only after that the gap between the frame and the window can be filled with polyurethane foam. By the way, not all foam is suitable for the job. High-quality foam makes big bubbles, it must be finely porous and dense, as required to serve for many years. Quality installation saves heat in your home and will not cause problems and considerable costs in the future.

Buran Design

Buran Design

Change and design – in the past have gone bulky cast-iron boxes, they were replaced by rounded compact settings made in the now fashionable "Biodesign. Thus, even if the cap is not differentiated on the technical and "residential" zone, the eye is cut, this technique will not. However, the presence although daunting, but open fire imposes some additional requirements to the arrangement of the cap. Since there are often potentially flammable room – boiler room, sauna, workshops, should be taken with the utmost attention to security issues. In this case, you should consider a number of regulatory requirements.

Among them – the presence of effective smoke and fire and secure emergency exits leading directly outside. One of the best options for private homes is application in the base powder extinguishing systems, which, unlike oil, water and gas installations do not require any separate room or laying pipelines feeding extinguishing agent. Accommodation Modules Fire directly on the ceiling can significantly reduce installation time of installation. Besides the original design, for example, the Russian powder system Buran allows to build its modules in the ceilings of any type (Made of gypsum board, panels such as "Armstrong", and similar materials). It is important to note that the installation on the basis of powder module can be used even in unheated areas with temperature conditions operation from – 50 to +50 C. Along with a special fire protection equipment in the basement you can install fire walls.

The use of frosted glass in this case will help to achieve higher lighting level of premises. Such designs are manufactured in Russia. It is noteworthy that the emphasis in this case is given to design the fire wall to make it harmonize with the overall style rooms. This is achieved by using a variety of finishing materials – vinyl coverings, laminated chipboard, and even the veneer of precious woods. Of course, the cap – it is a specific room, which is probably hardly suitable for habitation, but it can successfully cope with almost any other functions. Plinths are increasingly involved in the economic turnover, and the world's leading manufacturers saw this. This explains the fact that the market increasingly appears specialized equipment with modern design. This, with which the creation of a fashionable basement interior design – business equipment. Press office of the company "Grundfos"