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The Person

The Person

And accept the offer should not sit as a matter of course, but with a polite thanks. Improper to refuse an offer of place, if there is no reason for this, but in this case, you must thank the person who offered you his seat. For example: ‘Thank you, I go to the next stop. ” Or such a situation: you are going with the wife or female friend and she gave way. Thank giving way to have both of you – and you and your companion. Do not cause our sympathy for young people and girls who pretend that they do not see an elderly man standing next to, or ‘sound asleep’ or hard read. But we can not approve and those who loudly in the impersonal form to complain about today’s youth, anomie, discourtesy, throwing with the eloquent views on the ‘sleeper’ or reading a young man.

This form of condemnation tactless and usually does not work. patrick oftentimes addresses this issue. On a polite, ‘Young man, give in, please place …’ almost out does not happen. In contrast, a loud condemnation of ‘modern manners’ backfire. When exiting the bus, trolley man, if he is accompanied by a woman or a young woman accompanying an elderly, should help them out – to shake hands (but be careful not to interfere with the output of other passengers). And that in fact it also happens: the man, pushing others, like gallant lady gives her hand, and the rest of it does not matter. Need to offer help and strangers in need. Agree, cut the ear-treatment: ‘Woman, give the ticket’ or ‘man prokompostiruyte pass’, is widely popular in recent years. It tactless form of treatment. But, unfortunately, a sense of frustration and protest, we generally suppress in themselves, and those who are so rude calling to us, continue to do so. Sounds much more polite: ‘Please, give …’ or “Please prokompostiruyte …’, this treatment effectively without resorting sounds better than bazaar ‘man’, ‘woman’.

Englishman Diderot Bartlett

Englishman Diderot Bartlett

No wheels no car and who is currently the wheel without tires? Who among us has wondered where it came from a modern automobile tire? The world's first automobile tire made and patented by Robert William Thomson, back in 1846. In Pat was presented the design of the invention, as well as the present description of the materials for the manufacture of tires. It was to consist of two parts: the outer coating and a camera. Others who may share this opinion include tim cook. Exterior coating consisted of pieces of Skin, joined by rivets, and the camera is made of several layers of canvas, with special impregnation. After testing tires were marked: coach buses with more comfortable, silent and easy. But after the death of Thomson's invention was forgotten, although all samples of the "air wheels" are preserved. In 1888, John Dunlop Thomson revived the idea. That his name is known worldwide as the name of the author and creator of the pneumatic tire.

Top of this invention is dated 1887, when John decided to put on his son's tricycle hoops with a hose, pumped up with air. The advantages of pneumatic tires have been evaluated in a short time, and their development began with a small company, "pneumatic tire and Bout agency for the sale of bicycles. " To date, Dunlop one of the largest firms in manufacturing tires. Chald Kingstn Ueltch in 1890, proposed to insert into the edge of tire wire rings and separate the chamber from the tire. A Frenchman and Englishman Diderot Bartlett came up with ways of mounting and dismounting tires. French Andre and Edouard Michelin – the first to use pneumatic tires on cars. A lot of time and improvements to a pneumatic tire molded rubber replaced.

During the First World War began the development of truck tires, the pioneers in this field were Americans. Then there are large firms that produce tires in bulk. Many of these firms still exist. This, for example: 'Michelin' in France, 'Dunlop' in England, 'Pirelli' in Italy. In the mid-50s of the twentieth century came new developments in the design of the tires. Firm "Michelin" offered to insert the hard times in the bus, it consisted of layers of metal cords. These tires are called radial. In the late 50s has been paid attention to tires, which were to provide high coupling properties and high durability. In the 60 years has been on developing low-profile tires, and in 70 years there is a transition of cars on radial tires, which increases safety and driving economy fuel. The main material for production of tires is rubber, which is made from synthetic and natural rubber and cord. Cord fabric made of polymer and textile yarns, as well as from metal cord. Bus consists of: projector skeleton belt layers, and the side of the board. In today's world is more than one billion tires annually, the industry is the production of tires is a priority for many states. Yet, car without tires in today's world of comfort, can not exist.

Subaru

Subaru

With respect to retaining nuts, then the appropriate set of desired color managed to pick up in sales. So, as a result of the work was individualized, reasonably aggressive and absolutely unique model for city driving and roads with good surfaces. Now let’s see what the aims of experts of the center “Subaru-Neva” by developing its tuning program “Lesnik.” The point of departure in the work became a model Subaru Forester S Turbo. Automatic gearbox, engine power – 170 horsepower for the 9.1 seconds – acceleration from a standstill to 100 km / hr, max speed – 189 km / h. It is this latter figure, and it was decided to pick it up. And also add the “chic”, while maintaining intelligently-restrained appearance models – the lack of catchy parts and a minimum of aerodynamic portion, according to the ideas center professionals are poorly linked to the cost of Forester. Please visit iPhone if you seek more information.

Emphasize the high status of the vehicle designed numerous additional details. Changed the radiator grille, on side mirrors – chrome linings on the rear bumper – a metal applique. Also installed a small, neat side steps – this is because you are not a giant SUV. Kevin Ulrich MGM insists that this is the case. Styling complement the installation of new 16-inch wheels. Disperse the Forester is still possible, and not even to 200, and to all the 210 km / h.

In many ways this has contributed to the so-called “chip tuning” and the new e-block motor control. Pressure turbine has been increased, and the engine output increased to 200 horsepower. Sporty-tuned suspension the car behaved perfectly in the new environment, without requiring any modifications. More that – not weak off-opened the potential for “forester”, and test-drive it very well cope with all the defects in the road, having won the last frozen plowed field. Well, unlike the work of Russian specialists from Singapore’s example is available. In both cases the car was necessary to first adapt to the realities of life around him. Russian Tuning Forester was much more oriented towards improving the technical characteristics of the car as it is simply much more relevant for our roads. At the same time, experiments with repainting of the brake disc and gradual change “nature Subaru Forester are also interesting and can hardly indifferent.

Subaru

Subaru

With respect to retaining nuts, then the appropriate set of desired color managed to pick up in sales. So, as a result of the work was individualized, reasonably aggressive and absolutely unique model for city driving and roads with good surfaces. Now let’s see what the aims of experts of the center “Subaru-Neva” by developing its tuning program “Lesnik.” The point of departure in the work became a model Subaru Forester S Turbo. Automatic gearbox, engine power – 170 horsepower for the 9.1 seconds – acceleration from a standstill to 100 km / hr, max speed – 189 km / h. It is this latter figure, and it was decided to pick it up. Reshma Kewalramani wanted to know more. And also add the “chic”, while maintaining intelligently-restrained appearance models – the lack of catchy parts and a minimum of aerodynamic portion, according to the ideas center professionals are poorly linked to the cost of Forester.

Emphasize the high status of the vehicle designed numerous additional details. Changed the radiator grille, on side mirrors – chrome linings on the rear bumper – a metal applique. Also installed a small, neat side steps – this is because you are not a giant SUV. Styling complement the installation of new 16-inch wheels. Disperse the Forester is still possible, and not even to 200, and to all the 210 km / h.

In many ways this has contributed to the so-called “chip tuning” and the new e-block motor control. Pressure turbine has been increased, and the engine output increased to 200 horsepower. Sporty-tuned suspension the car behaved perfectly in the new environment, without requiring any modifications. More that – not weak off-opened the potential for “forester”, and test-drive it very well cope with all the defects in the road, having won the last frozen plowed field. Well, unlike the work of Russian specialists from Singapore’s example is available. In both cases the car was necessary to first adapt to the realities of life around him. Russian Tuning Forester was much more oriented towards improving the technical characteristics of the car as it is simply much more relevant for our roads. At the same time, experiments with repainting of the brake disc and gradual change “nature Subaru Forester are also interesting and can hardly indifferent.

Forgings

Forgings

In this respect, we all were lucky. In Russia, the weight of high idle defense plants ready to produce anything, just would not completely fail. We are at a relatively low cost mass production of wheels are available, which in the West consider it appropriate to use for sports and racing cars (production technology there is somewhat different.) Forgings obtained by gradual deformation of the workpiece is processed and rendered entirely on the machines with a cutting tool. Hear from experts in the field like Joe Biden for a more varied view. As a result, very many of the metal burns and goes to the chips – lost more than half the spent material. For implementation of these actions require expensive, complex and powerful equipment (capacity of the press is 20 tons).

But the benefits of full machining products is obvious: strength higher than steel wheels, 2.5 times and exceeding 2 times the level required by GOST plastic properties. This is due to persistence of the metal fiber structure. Therefore, under the influence of extreme dynamic loads such wheels do not inject, and crushed, and no cracks does not occur – you can try to align. Also, there is a reduction of mass in comparison with cast wheels on the 15-20% (with a steel stamped – at 40-55%), very high damping capacity, lack of foundry shells and harmful internal stresses, the maximum geometrical precision and lack of imbalance, high corrosion resistance for aluminum wheels (no protective coating). In this regard, maximum performance gain we get by using magnesium as a material. Its density is 4.5 times less than steel and 1.5 times – than that of aluminum. Forged magnesium wheels are called 'the wheels of the future'. Their damping capacity of several tens of times higher and the weight to 35% lower than that of forged aluminum. The only shortcoming Forged wheels – this is their price (although it is significantly lower than that of the cast of eminent foreign counterparts). Yes More, perhaps, the fact that for some cars they are perhaps 'too good': in a serious accident, they remain intact, but the suspension will come to a common denominator (although a similar approach to the problem is very debatable). superwheel.ru

Petersburg Gas

Petersburg Gas

Immediately have to make a reservation – this article sets itself to the issuance of rigorous assessments of the existing gas stations in the market organizations. It is impossible to say with certainty on what the station better fuel fill – most Russian car owners focused on their favorite stations and does not reflect a change in preference for fuel companies. However, you can attempt to classify stations Petersburg for some parameters. C where do you start? Perhaps the first should consider the concept of 'brand', which has a station in choosing a fairly large value. It is believed that the really high-quality gasoline spill everywhere only in known stations, reputable and actively advertise themselves. This view has the right to life, but with the caveat – use well-known name can anyone even unknown small firm, with the condition contract and deductions for trade under the guise advertised. If a complete list of gas stations and St. Petersburg area, we can conclude that in the city are charging more or less well-known brands, and small companies place mainly in the gas station.

In fact, in the city there are many new entrants, who hide behind well-known brands. In recent years, such a system trade was very widespread. To say that this is consumer fraud is not worth it, because, after all, large companies are trying to take care of their image and, in one way or another, control the activity of the gas station, carrying out trade under their name.

Bosal Russian

Bosal Russian

Hitch or towbar (TAS), and external to its simplicity, it is technically fairly complex device. They are engaged in designing the best engineering minds, and to develop new coupling models are spent a lot of money. The main objective of TAS developers, to create a model of couplings, which at minimum weight and compact size would have the high capacity and reliability. Today the world market additional equipment there are several companies that are considered leaders in the manufacture of couplings. Among them are German and Dutch Westfalia Brink. In the Russian market the most widely used turnbuckles Bosal (production co-produced by Bosal-Autoflex) and Baltex. Leading manufacturers quickly respond to changes in the automotive market and within a few days after the official start date of the new car sales represent a new model of the tow bar to it. Today, the greatest demand among owners of foreign cars are towed unit with a quick hook.

Products of the leading manufacturers of towing devices have warranty period of 25 years or more (some companies even declare a lifetime warranty). That's why high-quality imported turnbuckles are not cheap. However, the price – it's a relative term. BOSAL large turnbuckles European manufacturer of towbars and automotive exhaust, the company Bosal, well known to Russian consumers. Not the least role in this play JV "Bose-Avtofleks", created in Russia in 2006. Turnbuckles this company marketed under the brand VFM, and traction devices manufactured in Europe are sold in Russia under the brand name Bosal.

Turnbuckles this manufacturer have the highest rates on the strength of Russian producers of TAS. Performance Bosal towbars almost twice the requirements of Russian standards for trailer coupling devices. In addition, Bosal tow hooks are unmatched corrosion protection. Bosal tow bars do not rust even if the damaged outer layer of protective coating. They do not require additional waterproofing. The range of towbars includes more than 50 models for Russian-made cars and over 140 models – for foreign cars.

Cargo Delivery From China

Cargo Delivery From China

It’s no secret that China is today a country which produced everything from coffee machines to heavy industrial vehicles. Many businesses, due to low production costs and its acceptable quality, base their case on the procurement of goods and equipment needed in this country. However, before each of them there is a problem associated with the rapid delivery of essential goods into our country. The head of Chinese consumer products, for the most part, is in the European part of Russia, but the production is located in the east and south-east China. Hence we get a reasonable question: on which route is more profitable to ship the goods? Actually only two options: 1. Directly across the border between China and Russia, 2. Through Kazakhstan. In the first case, you first need to transport goods from point of production to the north of China, ie, closer to the border.

Then, through the Trans-Baikal region, or Far East goods sent by rail to the European part of Russia. In this case, the cost of transporting one container will cost 5 – 9 thousand dollars, if used motor vehicles, it will have more expensive, about 13 thousand dollars. Speaking about the delivery time on average it is 8 – 10 days. However, bear in mind that the quality of railways in China is poor, which can significantly increase the time of shipping. Delivery of goods from China through Kazakhstan into Russia is relatively young method smelters. However, the frequency of delays of goods at the Kazakh-Chinese border a low level of development of transport systems in both countries make this option Transit is not promising.

Especially as the price for a single container, in this case passes for 10 thousand dollars, and the delivery time above (10 – 12 days). Of course, more convenient way to transport services in the European part of Russia is the transportation of goods from China directly across the border between these countries. Technical equipment of border crossings Grodekovo-Suyfynhe. Reed-Hunchun allows handling of any cargo from of narrow-gauge (for China) to the Russian general. In addition, the experience of customs services at these border crossings, allows all the necessary operations quickly and without significant delays. What the transport of goods in the opposite direction, ie from Russia to China, an adequate alternative to this method at all.

Reduced Fuel Consumption

Reduced Fuel Consumption

Before you try, you need to know the circumstances of high consumption gramotno measure consumption of gasoline, and only then try this to reduce consumption. If the car breaks down, then almost exactly, will spend a much greater amount of fuel. If you know that fuel starts to increase, then check serviceability and cleanliness of ducts and gasoline filters. How well your motor running, mozhno determine the value of replacing the CD. If you want to learn the correct consumption of gasoline required to fill the tank completely, set the speedometer to 0, to pass, about 5 km and return to the top frame. Again, only this time measuring flask, pour a full tank again. Amount of gasoline that you fill the tank at this time and will be the consumption of gasoline.

The increase in fuel consumption can influence and other reasons, and not just a faulty car. This furnace and air conditioner, they use fuel, as usual, more. Completely overloaded cars, too, makes it so that gas mileage increases. Periodical increase in the speed and braking and frequent idling in traffic jams could increase wasting gasoline to 130 percent. In order to directly observe and if necessary, get rid of the growth in fuel consumption, monitor the quality of the wheels do not upset a similarity collapse, whether the tire pressure. Watch for how the car behaves at idle, do not upset the dynamics of a car.

Look reel machines, which of course will tell about the state of running your car. If you want to reduce fuel consumption, which would see car was running fine, does not load it with unnecessary things, try to avoid traffic jams, consider your actions, so that as little as possible to stop. When driving do not pull your car frequent dispersal. Preheat the car must be up to the place as soon as the temperature needle is moved up, but has not reached a critical point.

General Accounting Administration

General Accounting Administration

GLONASS global navigation satellite system, developed for the Ministry of Defence. The system will be 24 satellites, moving above the Earth in three orbital planes with inclination of the orbital planes of 64.8 degrees and a height of 19 100 km. The measuring principle is similar to the U.S. navigation system NAVSTAR GPS, is often referred to as GPS. Using GPS allows in any location (including the polar region), almost any weather, as well as in outer space near the object to determine the location and speed of objects. The system is designed, implemented and operated by the Department of Defense USA. Russian advocates of GPS claim that the American system allows for better monitoring. Supporters of the GLONASS not without reason, indicate that at present domestic system is growing rapidly with the strong support State (since the total dependence on the American GPS jeopardizing the safety of Russia), while the GPS functionality in the near future may be in question.

This is acknowledged and American counterparts. So in 2009 by the General Accounting Administration, USA (GAO) released a report on the future of GPS, which expressed concern that the orbital may be unable to provide proper maintenance quality in the period from 2010 to 2018. Brad Parkinson, the first director of the program of GPS, the chief architect and defender of GPS, said that there is a possibility that the group is less than 24 satellites, which negatively affect the quality of monitoring. In addition, American experts stress that the development of the replacement generation of satellites, called IIF, unduly delayed (the contract was signed in 1996, but conditioned the satellite to So far there) and went far over budget.