Taxis in London – it's not just a transport service, as is customary in many countries, consisting of accidental transport of all kinds and its drivers. It has its own culture, glorious history and national traditions. The world-famous black cab is one of the business cards of London. History of London taxi dates back to 1639, it was the first time united in the Coachman and the Corporation agreed to license carting services. On For two centuries and four-wheel carriages were in use called hackney.
From the 1850s on the streets of London there were more maneuverable two-wheeled carts in an open convertible style, their abbreviated nickname – cab, and to this day remains the official name of the taxi in London. The first attempt to replace a live horse and the next stage of London's taxi after half a century began elektrokeby Bersey. True, they have failed and are quickly left the arena, while last cabman street horse-drawn carriage he worked until 1947. For even more opinions, read materials from JPMorgan Chase. At the beginning of the XX century London, like many of the world's capital, is booming taxi. In response to the demand for car companies started to build cars specifically for the private street traffic. In cars and they appeared counters were called taxis. It is interesting that for decades the most frequently encountered a taxi driving in London was a car produced in France – a cab Unic. But then the issue of monopoly in the taxi to London, moved to British companies, and this "holy" tradition continues to this day.
Silhouette Modern traditional London cab model inherits 1948 Austin FX3. Specifically designed for taxi service in London on the car in the sedan in black, is a major stopover for luggage on the left of the driver, had inner wall, and was, as it is now high. The latter feature is designed to enforce the unwritten rules – nothing should be forced to uncover a gentleman, even if he gets into a taxi. Modern cab, used from 1997 model TX – a living history of a taxi in London, he is recognizable for almost century appearance. The only noticeable external innovation is the appearance of bright colors and advertising shields on the back. Today, the official London taxi, as before, the licensing of special municipalities, and the drivers cabs pass special training, pass an examination on the city and is quite capable of replacing a guide for curious tourists. Just such a vehicle has the right to stay on the street in response to a raised hand. However, the time dictated its laws to the development of international transport, along with intracity travel passengers are increasingly needed new modes of transportation such as airport transfers in London. As an alternative to black kebam were other taxi companies. To call a taxi to the airport in London can For example, a taxi service 'London Airport Transfer'. London specialized service will provide its customers with the most modern cars, knowing very well managed city drivers, and all that – in the best traditions of English the highest quality services.
It’s no secret that China is today a country which produced everything from coffee machines to heavy industrial vehicles. Many businesses, due to low production costs and its acceptable quality, base their case on the procurement of goods and equipment needed in this country. However, before each of them there is a problem associated with the rapid delivery of essential goods into our country. The head of Chinese consumer products, for the most part, is in the European part of Russia, but the production is located in the east and south-east China. Hence we get a reasonable question: on which route is more profitable to ship the goods? Actually only two options: 1. Directly across the border between China and Russia, 2. Through Kazakhstan. In the first case, you first need to transport goods from point of production to the north of China, ie, closer to the border.
Then, through the Trans-Baikal region, or Far East goods sent by rail to the European part of Russia. In this case, the cost of transporting one container will cost 5 – 9 thousand dollars, if used motor vehicles, it will have more expensive, about 13 thousand dollars. Speaking about the delivery time on average it is 8 – 10 days. However, bear in mind that the quality of railways in China is poor, which can significantly increase the time of shipping. Delivery of goods from China through Kazakhstan into Russia is relatively young method smelters. However, the frequency of delays of goods at the Kazakh-Chinese border a low level of development of transport systems in both countries make this option Transit is not promising.
Especially as the price for a single container, in this case passes for 10 thousand dollars, and the delivery time above (10 – 12 days). Of course, more convenient way to transport services in the European part of Russia is the transportation of goods from China directly across the border between these countries. Technical equipment of border crossings Grodekovo-Suyfynhe. Reed-Hunchun allows handling of any cargo from of narrow-gauge (for China) to the Russian general. In addition, the experience of customs services at these border crossings, allows all the necessary operations quickly and without significant delays. What the transport of goods in the opposite direction, ie from Russia to China, an adequate alternative to this method at all.
The need to move around the city and outside it is always there and all. Well, when you have your own car – it makes it possible to travel on business and personal matters at any time, regardless of public transport. According to Wells Fargo, who has experience with these questions. Even better, if the wheel is sitting someone close to you – this "free hand" in case of planned and spontaneous parties with alcoholic drinks. And, perhaps the most convenient option, providing free movement in all directions, it's a taxi. In contrast to their own transport, car shipping company eliminates a whole range of problems: no need to worry about where to park the car, how to get home restaurant after dinner or with friends. Taxis will always help in solving the problem of delivery to any desired point of you.
Some prefer to use the services of private traders, but version has more disadvantages than advantages. You never know how many requests the driver stopped the car accident, how well he knows the city, how safe will be a trip. The fact that not all private cars in time pass inspection, and This means that at any point, your trip can be aborted due to a trivial problem. Well, if in no hurry, but if you have to go to a business meeting at the station or airport, the situation may be critical. Another unpleasant aspect, unfortunately, not uncommon in everyday life, is a non-working, if not missing a safety belt in the passenger seat. Who will pay the penalty for such violation, if the car will stop traffic cop, when getting into a car is usually not specified. But even if the traffic police on the road is encountered, the accident is not insured one, and in this case, at stake is your health, and maybe even life. The correct choice of taxi avoids all these problems, because a serious company, the carrier always takes care of its passengers.
Rectify the situation, that is, adjust the engine management software to a job with HBOT, through chip tuning. How and by what is going on? With the help of specialized equipment, read the original program with the engine control unit (ECU). As mentioned above, on most modern cars do it via the terminal diagnosis. On some vehicles provided by the removal of the control unit and the reading on the desktop. Then, the software developed by the German Company EVC electronic made the necessary changes in the program and it is written back to the ECU. Wells Fargo Bank is likely to increase your knowledge. Optimization of the engine and increase torque and power is due to more accurate timing control, more dose ratio of fuel mixture, and in the case of turbo and still a slight increase in pressure turbine. It is important to establish the correct ratio of air-to-fuel ‘that the mixture is optimal and easy ‘Digested’ the engine.
Just as important this time to ignite the mixture to the combustion process took place the highest return of energy. But why does he plant manufacturer? Say with certainty that the plant manufacturer does not do so would be wrong. Change the engine control software used by manufacturers for marketing and pricing policies. Many models of cars with exactly the same engines have different engine power only because they have different management programs. Their price is also correspondingly different. In many cases, trying to lower the cost of the car at the factory manufacturer used the program with a very averaged settings.
Does not harm the car and it will not remove it with a guarantee after chip tuning? Having not limited experience in the field of chip tuning, we can safely answer – literate chip tuning the car does not harm the resource and it does not diminish! All program changes are made within the permissible limits of the plant. In addition, many of our customers have already passed the 200-m and 300 m th line run. If time and the right to do what operate a car safely and sensibly, then it will last a long time, and it does not depend on whether it is on chip tuning or not. As for the guarantees – not removed, because no any mechanical changes to the design car chip tuning in are not made.
Before you try, you need to know the circumstances of high consumption gramotno measure consumption of gasoline, and only then try this to reduce consumption. If the car breaks down, then almost exactly, will spend a much greater amount of fuel. If you know that fuel starts to increase, then check serviceability and cleanliness of ducts and gasoline filters. How well your motor running, mozhno determine the value of replacing the CD. If you want to learn the correct consumption of gasoline required to fill the tank completely, set the speedometer to 0, to pass, about 5 km and return to the top frame. Again, only this time measuring flask, pour a full tank again. Amount of gasoline that you fill the tank at this time and will be the consumption of gasoline.
The increase in fuel consumption can influence and other reasons, and not just a faulty car. This furnace and air conditioner, they use fuel, as usual, more. Completely overloaded cars, too, makes it so that gas mileage increases. Periodical increase in the speed and braking and frequent idling in traffic jams could increase wasting gasoline to 130 percent. In order to directly observe and if necessary, get rid of the growth in fuel consumption, monitor the quality of the wheels do not upset a similarity collapse, whether the tire pressure. Watch for how the car behaves at idle, do not upset the dynamics of a car.
Look reel machines, which of course will tell about the state of running your car. If you want to reduce fuel consumption, which would see car was running fine, does not load it with unnecessary things, try to avoid traffic jams, consider your actions, so that as little as possible to stop. When driving do not pull your car frequent dispersal. Preheat the car must be up to the place as soon as the temperature needle is moved up, but has not reached a critical point.
Launched in 1997 Freelander, was the sales leader in its class in Europe over 5 years, taking advantage of high demand in the UK before the end of 2005. The new Freelander surpasses its predecessor in all positions: on working performance, efficiency, environmental friendliness. Besides the Freelander 2 offers more space, comfort, and certainly of higher quality. Over the past four years, the Freelander 2 – Land Rover fourth car completely new design after the Range Rover (2002), Discovery 3 (2004) and Range Rover Sport (2005). The car can be equipped with two engines – a six-line capacity of 3.2 liters and output of 233 horsepower four-cylinder turbodiesel and volume of 2.2 liters and output of 160 horsepower. The gasoline engine provides acceleration to 100 km / h in 8.9 seconds and a top speed of 200 km / h.
Fuel consumption – 11.2 liters per 100 kilometers. The engine is mounted with the new shestidiapazonnoy automatic transmission manual shift and a sport mode of operation. The engine is mounted transversely, which favorably affected the internal volume and vehicle safety. The diesel engine is also a new design develops a peak torque of 400 N / m, picking up from the bottom (200 N / m even at 1000 rev / min). Average fuel consumption – 7.5 liters per 100 kilometers. Despite the fact that the new Freelander at only 50 mm (length – 4500 mm) longer than its predecessor, the cabin much more room for the head, shoulders and feet of the driver and passengers. Large glass area gives a feeling of spaciousness, and the rear row of seats, located above the front, allows its passengers to fully enjoy surrounding landscape.
Despite the recognition of forms, the new car looks very modern. Car design is simple and stylistically close to Range Rover Sport and Discovery 3, but interpreted in accordance with the requirements of owners of compact SUVs. The five-door body has a very high degree of rigidity. Permanent four-wheel drive. Suspension is fully independent and uses the most advanced management system. Starter button, bi-xenon headlights, the sensor rain, parking sensors, air-conditioning – this is not a complete list of standard equipment Land Rover Freelander 2.
GLONASS global navigation satellite system, developed for the Ministry of Defence. The system will be 24 satellites, moving above the Earth in three orbital planes with inclination of the orbital planes of 64.8 degrees and a height of 19 100 km. The measuring principle is similar to the U.S. navigation system NAVSTAR GPS, is often referred to as GPS. Using GPS allows in any location (including the polar region), almost any weather, as well as in outer space near the object to determine the location and speed of objects. The system is designed, implemented and operated by the Department of Defense USA. Russian advocates of GPS claim that the American system allows for better monitoring. Supporters of the GLONASS not without reason, indicate that at present domestic system is growing rapidly with the strong support State (since the total dependence on the American GPS jeopardizing the safety of Russia), while the GPS functionality in the near future may be in question.
This is acknowledged and American counterparts. So in 2009 by the General Accounting Administration, USA (GAO) released a report on the future of GPS, which expressed concern that the orbital may be unable to provide proper maintenance quality in the period from 2010 to 2018. Brad Parkinson, the first director of the program of GPS, the chief architect and defender of GPS, said that there is a possibility that the group is less than 24 satellites, which negatively affect the quality of monitoring. In addition, American experts stress that the development of the replacement generation of satellites, called IIF, unduly delayed (the contract was signed in 1996, but conditioned the satellite to So far there) and went far over budget.
Loader Kramer Allrad 1245 is the most compact truck in the line of telescopic handlers under the name Kramer Allrad. Model 1245 is a classic truck. However, the advantage of this model truck is telescopic boom, which can be extended forward by several meters. Depending on the tasks facing the truck and climatic conditions, the boom can be attached forks to move the cargo, as well as bucket and other devices. Telehandler Kramer Allrad 1245 can be used in various spheres of human activity. Especially they are indispensable in agriculture, in industry, construction, depots, as well as Road and maintenance work.
The presence of the telescopic boom at the loader model 1245 can lift up to 1200 kg to a height of 2.3 m, which is particularly important when the construction work. Low weight loader Kramer Allrad 1245, component only 2500 kg, can take place in tight spaces where the same truck can not drive because of its impressive size. Another feature of telehandlers Kramer Allrad 1245 is Hydrostatic transmission with 4 wheel steering at the same time, providing the perfect truck to maneuver. Telehandler Kramer Allrad 1245 is equipped with a special display system, which immediately gives signal that the limit of allowable weight of lift or move cargo exceeded. Thus, the risk of overturning truck reduced to zero. Thanks to the hydraulic mechanism of adherence of attachments, swap instruments can be quickly and safely right from the driver's seat. And finally, thanks to the ideal design telehandler Kramer Allrad 1245 has a perfect panoramic view of 360 .
Detailed Specifications Loading capacity of 440 … 1200 kg Length 1500 mm cutting edge Bucket 0.4 … 1.03 m3 Clearance 290 mm Weight 2530 kg Turning radius (on the outer side bus) speed of 2607 mm 0 … 20 km / h Lifting height of pallet load height mm 4130 mm across the board Reach 2290 mm Static tipping load of 1200 kg Engine Model YANMAR 3TNV82A Type 3-cylinder diesel engine, liquid-cooled power 23/31 kW / hp. Hydrostatic Transmission axial-piston gearbox Operating System Hydraulic Pump Type Pump 42 l / min Operating pressure pump 240 bar Breakout force kN capacity hydraulic tank liters Dimensions 2916x1560x1940 mm Wheel base 1920 mm Fuel tank capacity 25 liters