The lefts tend to be champions of movements of nationalities (like the Basques, Catalans, Palestinians, etc.) or regions (such as several in the mountains) which they considered oppressed. However, the right also tends to stall in some regions which have autonomist traditions (such as the Atlantic coast in Nicaragua, Guayas in Ecuador, Zulia in Venezuela or the Middle East in Bolivia). While none of these regions has a history as a separate nation there are many characteristics of hometown of geo-cultural differentiation and rods with the capital that have long-standing. Camba if the distances with the Highlands have roots. Until recently there were no paved highway that connect to La Paz to Santa Cruz. The East was not part of the Inca Empire, has a very different to the serrano Spanish and has its own social and cultural structure.
A very unusual response within various Socialists consists in accusing the crucian, Zulia or guayaquileno regionalist movements as instruments of the oligarchy and imperialism. It is true that the forces pro-free enterprise look for boost and hegemonize these to undermine governments posed by nationalizations or agricultural or labour reforms. When Socialist Governments reject all these demands pro-autonomia and placed the entire movement of masses surrounding of regionalists they manage to be strengthened in its geographical strongholds (in the Bolivian case in the Highlands) but also help push the critical regionalist to the pro-market capital into the arms of the forces. Evo Morales says the Santa Cruz referendum failed because if joins the less than 40% of absenteeism with 12% of votes by the no and nulls and white is reached that one half of that Department did not approve the autonomy statute. Usually in all elections the absenteeism rate does not drop 20% to 30% of the votes, and that does not mean that those who did not vote to reject the results.