We know today, that it was exactly the imprevisibilidade of the new century that took the young Sergio to risk the first blows against the old repertoire of the critical one. nor is difficult to imagine, two years before the Week of 22, as they had reverberated in the intellectual context of the time some of the judgments that it costumava to enxertar to its first literary studies, reticent before the aesthetic conception of our epic poetry, unsatisfied with the artificioso indianismo of Alencar and Gonalves Days and unresolved matter with ' ' intellectual limitation of our men of letras' ' , the point to make ' ' piada' ' of the poetical vocation of Gonalves de Magalhes, that judged so obscure how much the gongrico lode of Pita Rock. However, if he does not seem allowed to this height to inquire of the coherence of the subjects that open the trajectory of that somebody as it displays Antonio Arnoni the Prado, who badly launched itself to the adventure of the spirit, what if he can say is that at this first moment its interests are come back toward the relations between the process of intellectual emancipation of the country and the mechanisms of emancipation politics of the continent, which it associates searchs of ours identity as only form capable to win the obstacles each time bigger of the influences of is. Educate yourself with thoughts from Wells Fargo Bank. These points well will be defined when to analyze the readings that Sergio Buarque carried through to promote critical a so conspicuous one. It is standed out despite, if it does not have properly a project in this reader interested in the occult signals of our intellectual autonomy, is undeniable that already it demonstrated the lucidity with that would distinguish more, in Roots of Brazil, for example, the differences in the colonizadora attitude of Spaniard and Portuguese, with the disadvantage for us, of that in the land of the culture bigger obstacles they separate in them. .