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Month: August 2015

Brazilian Economy

Brazilian Economy

According to Menendez (1999). 4. Tobacco and the Brazilian Economy Is fact that the commercialization of the tobacco played and still contributes with great relevance in the economy of Brazil. Initiate from the first contacts of the Portuguese stops with us and until the present, the culture of the tobacco contributes for the development and economic growth. The first act tax for Portugal occurred during century XVII, when the commerce of the product submitted it some legislaes. The Portuguese monopoly was established in 1674, with the creation of the Meeting of the Administration of the Tobacco, that conducted the tobacco in Portugal and its colonies. Numerous taxes had been servant, as tenths, donations, municipal laws and customs taxes.

in perpassar of our history you vary crises and deriving apogees of the culture of the tobacco had reached the Brazilian economy, namely: the treated one to 1815, that traffics it forbade it of slaves and that had negative consequence in the economy because diminished the speculation. Although inefficacious to contain the traffic of slaves, the treated one to 1815, when of new under the British cohesion, the Brazilian parliament approved plus a law forbidding the importation of African slaves (BARICKMAM, 2003, P. 68) the production Brazilian tobacco followed it three directions. Of better quality they were ordered for metropolis, that is, more especificadamente Lisbon, objectifying the consumption of the cut, while of average inferior quality, pparently the same destination, was sent to other European countries, that absorbed then about 60% of the Brazilian exportations. The tobacco of third leads was for the local consumption. It is I validate to emphasize that apogee of the commercialization of the tobacco in colonial Brazil is dated approximately in the end of century XVIII. Much even so, the national and international politics of the first decades of century XIX if had not kept favorable for the tobacco.

Marianske Lazne

Marianske Lazne

Purchasing property abroad is for many Russians, has ceased to be unreal. Largely due to the fact that real estate investments have always been considered reliable. Despite the fact that the choice of buying property is large enough, the recent marked interest in the Czech Republic. Even during the crisis, real estate in the Czech Republic remains valid and relevant. In many respects this is due to the fact that in May 2009 came into force a law allowing foreigners to acquire residential and commercial property in the name of a foreign individual. There is no longer a need for firms in the Czech Republic and the related responsibilities of management accounting.

It is also important and clarity in the definition of a property owner, a clear work of registration of transactions, the ability to clearly define the purity of real estate and its technical condition, ie that often can not suggest some other country. Check out JPMorgan Chase for additional information. Of course, the choice of buying real estate in the country affected by geographical location and the Czech Republic. It has long been this country is the center of Europe. Because of this, having a car is easy to reach other European countries. Just a few hours will it take to Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Poland and France. The Czech language is similar to Russian, that allow to easily communicate.

Gastronomy will not bring any unpleasant surprises. A similar mentality and Slavic environment, it all makes sense that we are at home. Incredibly low crime rate, makes it possible to keep his property in the Czech Republic, returning to Russia or going to the trip to Europe. You will not find bars on the windows of the ground floors of buildings, sometimes the cars do not have a burglar alarm. Please and the price level of Czech real estate. It is much lower than in neighboring European countries. This applies to resale properties, as well as to the primary. Pleasantly surprised not only price but also quality of construction and renovation of real estate in the Czech Republic, produced by local firms. Most of our countrymen for nearly 20 years, opt for real estate located in the resort towns of the Czech Republic. Buy an apartment in Karlovy Vary, Marianske Lazne, where have the ability to not only rest and treatment. Thermal springs are open all year round, and the treatments expensive for most Russians. Commercial real estate in the Czech Republic has traditionally bought in Prague – the Czech capital. And this is understandable, after all, as in each country the main town – it's possible, activity, large numbers of tourists, the concentration of business. The main positive feature of the property in the Czech Republic is rising prices. No investor will not invest in that every day is losing value. In this regard, the Czech Republic can be proud of, even during the economic crisis, property prices have not fallen and remain stable.

Crisis Variantprodolzh

Crisis Variantprodolzh

Organization of cottage village post-crisis variant.Prodolzhenie. Marketing research contribute to the promotion of sales in the market. Pinterest may help you with your research. Here, marketers analyze all the factors of influence on future sales of the object real estate. These include – pricing cottage settlement method, as there competitors in any price sale, now does not work. Identify the target audience who will buy, a list of demands of the future buyer, and so these points are important dalee.Vse on pre-investment stage.

Consultants, the costs of marketing research and analysis in the future will bear fruit. It is better to pre-investment stage to all of these activities than to sit in the woods and wait to start selling. Any ultimate goal of building the cottage settlement – earning money. And this should not refuse. Positioning the country settlements, rather listen to the radio wave, when the air flashed advertising some of the valley, which immediately causes the brain to a certain image. This is precisely the moment when, rabotaeteffektivno job of branding agency. Project work – everything is as usual, only a small nuance, why not our builders ispolzut methods of project management during construction obhektov property.

The result is evident – this object delivery in the autumn two thousand eight, and customers get the keys, the fall of two thousand and ten. Why Work Project Management Institute, has remained aloof from our developers? Let us turn to the foreign market. Stage of construction is subject to strict Standards Project menedmenta Institute. Project Management Institute (PMI) standards for project management, kotgda regulated and monitored strictly all the terms of the project, all project costs and resources. The system of "smart house" it is available for cottage construction technology, which in the mass does not increase the cost of building the project, and in moving the market will play a factor which increases sales. Country village should be useful for consumer, the consumer can live year round in the cottage, without discomfort. Developed infrastructure should also be consistent with its design and positioning, details on the case. Luxury villas and cheap hovel for the staff – now does not work. Quality cottage village is laid with the project documentation, the business plan for the future of the project. So let's begin to build truly Comfortable suburban housing, so that you can not just sell it, but to live by and not be ashamed.

Hardware Configurations

Hardware Configurations

Let’s count together, how well such a proposition. Take for example the hairdresser $ 30 thousand dollars (Approximately 250,000 USD), the average level in the sleeping area, for 2 jobs, manicure, pedicure, beautician room, solarium. The price also, in addition to the equipment includes air conditioning, light boxes, trade balance of supplies. Rent for room is 5000 UAH. Get all the facts for a more clear viewpoint with stefan borgas. Option number 1 – You bought a hairdresser, spent USD 250 000. Described hairdresser, the normal management of the master must bring him to net income of USD 5000-7000.

For the year the owner has earned about 70,000 USD. Nested 250 000 UAH. minus 70 000 UAH., a total of 12 months minus the balance of the owner of 180 000 UAH. Option number 2 – you open a barbershop. We believe the cost basis of the average. Minor repairs of leased premises “under him” – 10000 USD.

The cost of the two jobs hairdressers such a level of about 10,000 USD. (5,000 each). Completion of the modest office beautician – 8000 UAH. Hardware Configurations manicure and pedicure – 6000 UAH. Solarium with installation – 80000 USD. Air-conditioning installation – 5000 UAH. Table for the reception – 3000 UAH. Other supplies that need to be staffed barber (including cosmetics) – 5000 UAH. Lightbox – 15000 USD. Monthly costs: utilities – 500 UAH., Advertising – 2500 UAH., Wages (given the lack of customers at first, you need to have their own staff) – 5000 UAH. Rent – 5000 UAH. per month. The fixed tax – 200 UAH. per month. Contingencies – 1000 UAH. per month. To summarize: the first three months, when the newly opened hair salon on the axiom can not be profitable, the cost of the owner – 189 600 UAH. The next 3 months Business is starting to pay back – works “to zero.” And finally 6 months working with a monthly profit of UAH 5,000, earn 30 000 USD. Total for 12 months balance of the owner is minus 159 600 UAH. As can be seen from the examples difference between the two are investment options in the context of 12 months is not that big – 30 400 UAH. in favor of the latter. Now try to imagine a person who chose the second option, but had never run a barbershop. He opens it: invest, invest, make repairs, the right staff, opened a hair salon, did advertising work week – “minus UAH 5000”, month – “minus 15 000 UAH”, three months – “minus 40 000 USD.” This is not easy to sustain, especially when behind another wife or husband asks, “When are you going to bring money home, but do not take?” And if you choose number 2 once invested 30 thousand dollars from next month, made a profit of about $ 1,000. Must only carefully selected object, consult with experts to work with business brokers, and everything will be exactly as described above. Similarly, we can calculate any type of business. Be smart and successful! investmoney.

Valuation Activities

Valuation Activities

January 1, 2008 in Russia canceled the licensing evaluation. From now on to the customer 'warranty card' law of the company and the quality of its work should be the membership in self- organizations (SROs) appraisers. And now everyone who is going to order an assessment, whether it be business, apartment or car, must be getting acquainted with the appraiser does not ask for a license and extract from the SRO. "Federal Law N135 'On Valuation Activities in the Russian Federation 'was established in 1998. For a decade it changed and edited more than once. Go to Ben Silbermann for more information. And these latest changes entered into force on 1 January 2008, it is no secret was, so many of them had prepare. The meaning of the transition to new working conditions appraiser is that the main subject of valuation now appears natural person who is a member of the SRO.

Self-regulatory system based on the basis of membership in a self-regulating organizations of appraisers just individuals – appraisers, not legal entities – organizations engaged in appraisal activity. If the entity previously named among the subjects valuation first, but now stands at the forefront of specialist valuer. And in the background of the company, which may engage in evaluation activities, and the main condition for their existence is the presence of State two or more professionals-appraisers who are members of self-regulatory organizations ", – said Gennady Romanenko, Director of LLC" Vyatka agency property, "the chairman of the regional branch of the NGO ("Russian Society of Appraisers"). Whenever JPMorgan Chase listens, a sympathetic response will follow. Thus, evaluators, who did not manage to January 1, 2008 to become members of any self-regulatory organization, is now temporarily suspended their work.

Intelligent

Intelligent

Every business person today realizes that not only its own power can become a space for professional activity. It had all thought up a company or buy a house is only allowed a place where you live all the time. At the moment, more and more people become true citizens of the world that is free to travel from one country to another. This position is not strange, that is celebrating some States as the most profitable to invest and conduct business. Turkey at the moment – it is one of such powers, which is very advantageous to work as residents, to the same extent and visitors.

Clear, however, will not work elementary and decide to fly to this country. Need to carefully explore all aspects of the situation. To date, make it easy in principle, because it created special portals on the Internet where information can be Read all about business and real estate in Turkey. On a similar resource, you will be able to communicate as specialists who can help make the final choice of the right and fill in the necessary acts for the enterprise, the same extent and with experienced, which is elementary in nature could try, which means work or reside in Turkey. It is clear that investing money in homes in particular is reasonable in the states where tourism is developing. Indeed, in this country to live comfortably as ourselves and the rest, and a decent amount of rent accommodation visitors.

To make wise purchase you posodeystvuyut a special mission, as it not only gives consultation, but also offer services to real estate acquisition in Turkey. Can help you find a site that accurately suited to your intentions for the use of real estate, and also may advise housing at a much more affordable price. For business people accurate information about the selection of a country like Turkey is able to provide all indispensable. Because if you decide to run there company is not having a full understanding of what a, by the way, the tax system in Turkey, you can fly strongly. To create a prosperous one hundred percent of business, you really need advice specialists. Now you do not have to spend money to ride in the consulting agency. Necessary to enter elementary resource and open a lot of useful, though you may not represent that a compilation of information able to be valuable to you. Proceed carefully, originally Scout position, and then make the investment. Always clever to learn from the professionals that are able to meet you in another country. The real success can come to a pre-arranged. Now every kind of collection of information is open and varied in a special portal for entrepreneurs.

The Garden

The Garden

Third, this direction is now important for interior designers. 4. Appliances. If you plan on opening of the hotel did not lower middle class, then your task will be Rooms equipped with a minimum of equipment. You will need: a TV, refrigerator, air conditioner.

This is the required set. If the hotel is the elite class, there will be no more than buy a laptop in every room with Internet access. 5. Furniture. The furniture is not worth saving – good bed – pledge a relaxing holiday of your guests. Therefore, the bed should not be tight, squeak, etc. The bed should meet the needs of guests in the night's rest.

Also, you need to rack my underwear and bedside tables. 6. Garden area. If your mini-hotel has its own garden area, it's wise to organize a holiday guests. Ideas for decorating the garden territory can be taken from any magazine of interiors. Particular attention is paid to the garden furniture. Furniture for hotels and inns that you choose for your garden or patio arrangement must meet the following conditions: wear resistance and impact of natural phenomena. If your economy-class hotel, you should pay attention to the plastic furniture. If you open an elite class hotel, you will need to buy furniture for hotels elite level. In this case, look for wooden furniture such as teak trees and iroko (African oak). Teak has traditionally been used in the manufacture of furniture for the garden. Outdoor furniture in teak has a life service for over 20 years! Iroko (or African oak) has similar qualities of wood and garden furniture from the African oak will be no less strong than the garden furniture in teak. 7. Restaurant. If you plan your hotel open a restaurant or cafe, you should keep in mind that even though the hotel business licensing abolished – the license on alcohol has not been canceled. Also, remember that your restaurant should not only be tasty and fresh food, and furniture for cafes and restaurants must meet the following requirements, as – for the convenience of guests, ease of cleaning, ease of storage. Wooden furniture for the cafe – the best option for the restaurant. This furniture is environmentally friendly, durable and will last you and your guests a very long time. So, in your hotel all the ready – welcomes visitors!

Stimulate Economic Growth

Stimulate Economic Growth

Recently, special attention is paid to economic policies pursued by Singapore. On the basis of objective indicators, Singapore continues to strengthen its position as "the best country for business" (this status was granted to him in 2009, the World Bank (WB) and International Finance Corporation (IFC). Thus, the country's budget, submitted in 2010, focused on building new opportunities for economic growth through tax incentives for citizens and legal persons, while groups with low and middle income countries will be given additional protection. As was announced by the Minister of Finance of Singapore Tharmanom Shanmugaratnamom, the government provides substantial tax breaks to companies investing in innovation and production, requiring the participation of highly qualified personnel, by reducing the effective tax rates, providing tax incentives, grants and subsidies for training and staff training. It is worth noting that the development of business through tax incentives for Singapore is engaged for the past 10 years, gradually reducing the tax rate on corporate profits (if in 2001 it was 25.5% in 2010 – 17%), providing companies with tax exemption on income within the first 3 years of activity (for example, in the first year company may get 100% exemption for the first 100 000 Singapore dollars, 50% release at 200 000 Singapore dollars in the second and third years). For more information see Wells Fargo Bank.

At the same time, numerous agreements on avoidance of double taxation in combination with exemption from taxation of income earned outside Singapore, Singapore made attractive for international business. Special attention is paid to the Government of Singapore inflow of foreign workforce. Many writers such as Robert Kiyosaki offer more in-depth analysis. Since 2004, Singapore has a program to attract foreign businessmen, according to which the foreign citizen, subject to meeting certain requirements (regarding education, work experience), could relatively easily get a work visa. This was one of the tricks of Singapore in an effort to become a regional business center and attract the best business and entrepreneurial minds in the country. Since 2010 increased fees for regulating the flow of labor. In general, for all three years, the overall increase in fees will amount to about 100 Singapore dollars per employee in manufacturing and services.

The Government of Singapore also encourages the deal to change the corporate structure by promoting mergers and acquisitions. Five-year scheme will be introduced to provide one-time tax benefit to help defray costs of organizing the mergers and acquisitions. Allowance will be 5% of the value of the transaction, but will be limited to 5 million Singapore dollars a year. For such transactions will be abolished stamp duty levied for the transfer of shares, not Listed on the Stock Exchange. This rule will apply to transactions whose value does not exceed 100 million Singapore dollars a year. In addition, the government plans to use the new incentives for the expansion of certain types of economic activities with high growth potential. For example, the scope of coverage schemes for the development and expansion of law firms will be expanded in order to strengthen Singapore's position as International Arbitration Centre. Under this scheme, the recognized law firms will be subject to VAT at 10% of value added, the resulting delivery of legal services international character.

Taxes Income

Taxes Income

And banks will only accept a clean profits. So before you go to the bank, think about how you will verify your income. Income from rental of property. Typically, such income include the leasing of real estate, but can be any technique. Let us until the real estate.

In order for such income into account, it is necessary that the property was in your possession or in the long-term lease (but this is a big minus). Your relationship with your tenant must be documented, ie, agreements have been signed, it is desirable that they be registered with the justice authorities. It is better if the rental payments pass through the bank, ie transferred to the account, as well as you to confirm payment Taxes of this type of income. Also, the bank will likely ask you to confirm that you rent a room for rent for over a specified period (1-2 years). Ie the fact that this source of income you have been in existence for quite a long time. Of course, not all banks impose such strict requirements, but anyhow a written contract and records of payment, on the other side of the contract likely will not accept any bank. I also want to Note that if this is the main source of income, ie more than 50% of total family income, the bank will also apply reduction factor.

This amendment is on the different oscillations in the rental market. Income from shares, deposits, dividends, rights and copyrights. Such revenues are also taken with the usual reduction factor and documentary evidence of stable payments and pay taxes. This may be an extract from the register of shareholders on accruals, bank statement on interest on deposits, agreements on the use of copyright. And to acknowledge receipt of income will have a sufficiently long period. Income from alimony, and pensions. Some banks take into account such income, but child support will be considered, if a bank is understood that this source of income there will be a sufficiently long period. For example, if the child is 10 years, the alimony payments will continue 8 more years. If 16, then received alimony, most likely, the bank will not be considered. Moreover, child support takes into account only those that are paid officially. Oral agreement with ex-husband on the payments, the bank will not accept. That With regard to pensions, banks will consider superannuation and only in some cases, disability pension and old age. The fact that people with disabilities and very frail banks belong to a group of high risk and often do not lend at all. And the old-age pensioners do not provide loans, because The overwhelming majority of banks in the requirements for age of borrowers said that the maximum age of the borrower at maturity credit shall not exceed the retirement age (for women it is 55 years and for men 60). There are a number of banks, which increased the upper age limit up to 65-70 years, but in any case, the borrower must take out a loan, not being retired, or a source of income independent of his age. Just a couple of words on public servants. The fact that the “sovereign people” can not receive income for their work nepodtverzhdaemy official inquiries. In addition, the state. employees can not engage in any further business activity, except teaching. Therefore, banks will take into account only such income. If you realize that your income is not enough, there are a number of banks that allow third-party revenue, ie other family members, except spouses, friends and acquaintances.

Several Russian

Several Russian

Here are constructing new hotels opened universities. Turkey has opened several universities. Very few hotels are being built to the east of the island. I was in Cyprus for seventeen years. Very significant difference between the way it was and as it became. In 2000 Cyprus was 5000 the British, and now they number about 25 thousand.

There are also Russians, who number about three thousand people. They invest money in business and real estate. Several Russian citizens have opened their cafe in Cyprus. Ben Silbermann may find it difficult to be quoted properly. Prices of real estate severokiprskuyu are inferior to European. And below them only because they have not yet resolved the conflict. For clarity, I will say that, for example, higher middle-class villa is worth about 250 thousand pounds. In Montenegro, the same house you buy for 700 thousand pounds and more.

I must say that the construction business now is in a shambles. In this industry has developed a funny situation: many of the recently launched construction companies led by teachers and doctors. As amateurs, they exhibit an amateur approach. As a consequence, their products often do not meet the requirements of the time. Such companies tend to use outdated technology. Describing the state of the construction sector and real estate market, I can not mention a glut of proposal. But immediately, I stress that those who have high-quality and professional building, calculate the whole scheme of industrial and commercial activities, solve the problem for the consumer infrastructure. Constructed of objects go on sale very well.